Sree Venkataramana Temple, Thayyil, Kannur
The deities in Sreekovil
On a three tiered Simhasana are installed the following deities:
The deities in srikovil are made of panchaloha. The shila idols of Hanuman and Garuda are installed outside the srikovil at the south-east and north-east sides respectively.
An image of Mahamaya (without a Vigraha prathista) is installed and worshipped in a shrine located at the southern Agrasala. Navarathri festival is celebrated in a grand scale with Kalasha Sthapana for nine days. On all the nine days Bhoomi Bhojana is also performed. On the Mahanavami night, a full size artistic picture of Goddess Mahakali is drawn on the floor and prayers offered.
It is believed that persons with Pretha Badha can get relief with the grace of Mahamaya. A devaprashnam had revealed that Goddess Mahalakshmi had occupied the place long before construction of the present temple. It is believed that in the old days Gandharva Kanyas used to come for Jalakreeda in the holy tank adjacent to the temple. The old temple tank is now submerged and the shrine of Goddess Mahamaya is built on it. The original idol of Mahalakshmi is believed to be buried in the tank with a lot of wealth and hence no pratishta is done here. Water in the temple well is believed to have medicinal value.
In the 18th century, Kannur was part of the kingdom of Arakkal Raja. The actions of Muslim pirates inhabiting the Kannur coast brought about a situation where the people of Kannur had to die of starvation. The Raja requested Sri Babani Shenoy from Goa who was having extensive rice trade with Tellicherry and plying his rice-loaded country crafts in the seas of Kannur. Thereupon, Shenoy opened pandikasalas or warehouses and started business in Kannur. The Raja gave 5 acres of freehold land as gift to Shenoy with a condition that he will distribute it among his business friends free to build up residential colony. During this period in the 17th century, Sri Venkatesh Bhat, who has been working as Archak at the Mangalore Venkatramana temple came to Kannur and settled there. He also brought a Venkatramana idol from there and installed at his house and worshipped. Since there was no common place of worship for the community members, Sri Venkatesh Bhat constructed a larger Bhajan cum Worship Hall near his house and shifted the Venkatramana idol to the Mutt for public worship. This place was later known as Venkatesh Bhat Mutt.
The mutt later developed into a temple for the gsb community. The temple authorities constructed a Marriage hall (Sukrithindra Kala mandir) in 1971 near the temple.
External interference in Governance
The temple has been managed by a democratically elected trust. In 1983, a non-GSB also was nominated by the Asst. Commissioner, HR&CE, Tellicherry. The agitated community formed an action committee and appealed to the Commissioner against the nomination. The petition was accepted and after hearing the nomination was cancelled. The nominated person then took up the matter with Government where also the rights of the GSB was upheld. It was then challenged in High court of Kerala which was quashed and the rights and privileges of the GSB community was upheld by the court in its judgement in December 1986.
Devaprashna and Kumbhabhishekham
The temple had been witnessing unfortunate incidents like theft in the temple, entry of a snake in the srikovil and the external interference in management of temple etc. The community became anxious and wanted to know the cause and find out the remedies.
Accordingly, a Deva Prashna was arranged at the temple premises on 23-6-1983. It was revealed that the temple at its current location is at a most sacred place, where Goddess Mahalakshmi had occupied the place long before. During Devaprashna it was also learned that Pretha Badha at this temple is causing troubles to the temple and to the devotees which has to be cleared by a Thila Homa.
It was indicated that the lost glory of the temple can be restored only by performing a Sahasra Kumbhabhishekham. This was performed in the presence of Srimat Sudhindra Tirtha Swamiji on 26-12-1986. The Devaprashna also indicated that a Lalki is to be constructed in place of the present unusable one in the temple. A new one was constructed at Mulki and transported to Kannur and submitted to the Lord on 8-11-1986. This Lalki was first used in the festival on the Sahasra Kumbhabhishekham day.
About Kannur click for district mapKannur (Cannanore), the sea coast town in the northern Malabar area was for many centuries the capital of the Kolathiri Rajas, the rivals of the Zamorins of Kozhikode. Formerly a major port area, Kannur is now a city known for its handloom and beedi industries. Kannur has the Arabian sea in the west, the Western Ghats in the east, and the Kozhikode and Wayanad districts in the south.
Kannur has always been a favorite
destination of the foreign traveler. Europeans, Chinese and Arabs have visited
Kannur coasts. Kannur finds mention as NAURA in early history. Marco Polo, Fahian and Ibn
Batuta are some of the well known travellers to visit Kannur. The ships of Solomon are
believed to have anchored along Kannur coasts to collect timber for building the 'Temple
of the Lord'.
The Arakkal dynasty at Kannur was the only
Muslim dynasty of Kerala. Their origin is thought to be from the last of Chera Dynasty.
Cheraman Perumal's nephew, Muhammed Ali (Mammali), is believed to have founded the
principality in the first century of the Muslim era. The descendants of Mammali later came
to be known as Arakkal family. The Arakkal Kettu, the seat of the Arakkal royal family is
about 4 km from Kannur town. Built of laterite and wood, the independent units, including
the building that was once used as palace administrative office and four mosques, are now
in a dilapidated condition, and the `pandikasalas', once a storehouse of the Arakkal
family, are in an extreme state of decay.
Valapattanam or Baliapatam is the suburb of Kannur about 7km from the town. This location on the Valapattanam river is well known for its wood-based industries and timber trade. The port of Azhikkal and Azhikkal Beach are located nearby. Western India Plywoods, the largest wood-based industry in the country and also one of the largest of its kind in South East Asia, is a major industrial concern here.